International Trade & Commercial Policies

  • This field requires 4.5 credits even if you pass the E201: Introduction to Economic Theory Equivalency Exam.

  • You may complete this field with 4 credits if one of the following is true:

    - You pass the E210m: Quantitative Methods module Equivalency Exam.

    - You successfully complete the course, E210m: Quantitative Methods module, plus you successfully complete another modular (1/2 credit) course from the field's list of Electives to match-up in order to make one-credit.
  • Please scroll further down the page to review the Special Note about the three Economics Fields of Study.
  • As a reminder, please note:
    • A course may be counted for credit in only one Field of Study.
    • In those cases where a course is listed in more than one Field of Study, the student may choose the Field of Study in which it is to be credited.
    • Courses, however, may be used to meet both Divisional Breadth requirements and Field of Study requirements simultaneously.

Core Requirements for the Field:

EIB E201: Introduction to Economic Theory

EIB E210m: Quantitative Methods

EIB E211: Microeconomics

Field Specific Required Core Course:

EIB E220: International Trade and Investment

Elective Courses:

ILO L240: Legal and Institutional Aspects of International Trade

EIB E214: International Economic Policy Analysis

EIB E221: Advanced International Trade and Investment

Special Note About the Three Economics Fields of Study

• All three Economics Fields of Study, 1) International Trade and Commercial Policies, 2) International Monetary Theory and Policy, and 3) Development Economics, have a select group of Core required courses, which include E201, as well as a Field Specific Core required course, and one Elective course. Together, they constitute a minimum package of economics knowledge allowing Fletcher students to use economic tools to reason analytically in their chosen domain.

• If you pass the E201 Equivalency Exam, while you do not need to enroll in E201, you are still obliged to complete the 4.5 credits required for all three Economics Fields of Study.

• In the case of the International Trade and Commercial Policies field, as well as the Development Economics field, if you pass the E210m Equivalency Exam, or if you complete the E210m module plus take another 1/2 credit module from the field's list of Electives to match-up in order to complete one-course credit, you may complete either of these fields of study with 4 credits.

• Some students seek to offer both of their Fields of Study in Economics, which requires the following:

- Completion of the course, E213: Econometrics, and

- A minimum of seven Economic courses which are beyond E201.

Note: Since some of the core required courses are the same among the different Economics Fields of Study, students pursuing both their fields of study in Economics are required to take more elective courses in one or both of their selected Economic Fields of Study.

Please note the Equivalency Exams are administered, without exception, twice during the academic year. Refer to the 2014-2015 Academic Calendar to note the specific dates for the Equivalency Exams at: More information about how to prepare for the Equivalency Exams is available at:


* This course is required for constitution of the field.
++ Any one of these courses may be used as the required course in the field.
+ Any one of these courses may be used as the second required course in the field.
[ ] Bracketed courses are those not offered 2014-2015.
Unless otherwise indicated, students need three course credits to complete a field of study. Modular courses count as one-half credit and if listed in a field, two must be taken to complete one course.


Professors with expertise in the field

Michael W. Klein
Carsten Kowalczyk
Julie Schaffner
Bernard Simonin
Joel P. Trachtman

Student Theses

Theorizing the Economics of E-Waste Trade: Issues, Analysis & Strategies (MALD 2010)

Inadequate Institutions and Inefficient Outcomes in Mexico's Sugar Industry (MALD 2010)

Prospect of Energy Link Between Central Asia and China: A Study on the Development of 'Energy Silk Route,' the Turkmenistan - China Pipeline (MALD 2009)

Distributional and Welfare Effects of Including Corn into NAFTA and the Social, Economic, Political and International Repercussions for Mexico (MALD 2008)