Breadth Requirements

All MALD degree candidates are required to take:
  • Two course credits in the Division of Diplomacy, History and Politics,

  • One course credit in the Division of International Law and Organizations,

  • One course credit in the Division of Economics and International Business,

  • One course in Quantitative Reasoning.

Specific requirements/options for each of these three divisions, as well as Quantitative Reasoning are detailed in the section that follows.

Students who have performed equivalent graduate-level work for the courses listed below may apply for equivalence with the approval of the appropriate Fletcher instructor. Students who receive equivalence must still meet the requirement of pursuing one or two course credits in the division but may choose from any one-credit course in the Division rather than just those listed below.

MA degree candidates can meet the Breadth Requirement by taking one-credit course from each Division (ILO, DHP, and EIB).

LLM degree candidates are required to take a one-credit course in both the DHP and EIB Divisions.

MIB degree candidates are required to take two course credits in the Division of Diplomacy, History, and Politics as detailed in the section that follows. The balance of the Breadth Requirement for MIB degree candidates is satisfied through the core curriculum for the MIB program.

PhD degree candidates must complete at least two course credits in your choice of two of the three Divisions and at least one course credit from the remaining Division.

Division of Diplomacy, History, and Politics (DHP)

Each MALD and MIB student is required to take two course credits from the DHP Division. One of those course credits must be one of the following courses:

  • DHP D200: Diplomacy: History, Theory, and Practice
  • DHP D210: The Art and Science of Statecraft
  • DHP D220: Processes of International Negotiation
  • DHP H200: The Foreign Relations of the United States to 1917
  • DHP H201: The Foreign Relations of the United States Since 1917
  • DHP P200: International Relations: Theory and Practice
  • DHP P201: Comparative Politics
  • DHP P216: Research and Writing in the Global Political Economy  
  • DHP P217: Global Political Economy
  • DHP P219: International Political Economy of Development
  • DHP P240: The Role of Force in International Politics

Division of International Law and Organizations (ILO)

Each MALD student is required to take one of the following one-credit courses:

  • ILO L200: The International Legal Order
  • ILO L209: International Treaty Behavior: A Perspective on Globalization
  • ILO L210: International Human Rights Law
  • ILO L220: International Organizations
  • ILO L230: International Business Transactions
  • ILO L232: International Investment Law
  • ILO L250: Law and Development
  • ILO L251: Comparative Legal Systems

Division of Economics and International Business (EIB)

Each MALD student is required to successfully complete the course, EIB E201: Introduction to Economic Theory, to fulfill the EIB breadth requirement. Students who pass the E201 Equivalency Exam must take another Economics one-credit course from the list below to fulfill the EIB breadth requirement. Note that some of the courses listed below may have prerequisites; please carefully review the course descriptions.

  • EIB E211: Microeconomics
  • EIB E212: Macroeconomics
  • EIB E213: Econometrics*
  • EIB E220: International Trade and Investment
  • EIB E230: International Finance
  • EIB E240: Development Economics: Macroeconomic Perspectives
  • EIB E241: Development Economics: Policy Analysis
  • EIB E242: Development Economics: Micro Perspectives
  • EIB E246: Environmental Economics

Please note during fall and spring Orientation, an Equivalency Exam is offered for E201.

Important to Note:

* EIB E213: Econometrics may not be used to satisfy both the Quantitative Reasoning Breadth Requirement and the Economics and International Business Breadth Requirement. Students must determine which Breadth Requirement it will satisfy.

Quantitative Reasoning

Each MALD student who does not pass one of the Quantitative Equivalency Exams (E210m and B205) will be required to take one of the following courses:

  • DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for International Public Policy Decisions*
  • EIB B205:  Data Analysis and Statistical Methods
  • EIB B206:  Data Analysis and Statistical Methods for Business
  • EIB E210m: Quantitative Methods Module
  • EIB E213: Econometrics*  
  • EIB B262: Marketing Research and Analysis

Important to Note:

* DHP P203: Analytic Frameworks for International Public Policy Decisions may not be used to satisfy the second required DHP course credit.

* EIB E213: Econometrics may not be used to satisfy both the Quantitative Reasoning Breadth Requirement and the Economics and International Breadth Requirement. Students must determine which Breadth Requirement it will satisfy.